The 86-sided agreement facilitates criminal prosecution in China against those accused of stealing trade secrets. It contains provisions to prevent Chinese government officials from applying administrative and regulatory procedures to remove the trade secrets of foreign companies and to allow such information to end up in the hands of Chinese competitors. Derek Scissors, a China expert at the American Enterprise Institute, said the trade war had already given Trump an advantage, even though he didn`t force Beijing to change its economic policy: Trump`s tariffs reduced Chinese exports to the United States and reduced America`s trade deficit with China. WASHINGTON (AP) – The United States and China reached a trade agreement Wednesday that eases tensions between the world`s two largest economies, offers massive export opportunities for U.S. farms and factories, and promises to do more to protect U.S. trade secrets. “The Phase 1 agreement contains reasonable commitments, but does not meet the government`s original objectives,” said Wendy Cutler, a former U.S. negotiator who is now vice president of the Asia Society Policy Institute. Other Chinese concessions would force Bejing to make major changes to its state-dominated business model, meaning that “the prospects for a timely conclusion are very remote,” she said. The agriculture chapter addresses structural barriers to trade and will support a dramatic expansion of U.S. food, agricultural and seafood exports, increase income from U.S.
agriculture and fisheries incomes, increase rural economic activity and boost employment growth. Many non-tariff barriers to agriculture and seafood in the United States are addressed, including meat, poultry, seafood, rice, dairy products, infant food, horticultural products, feed and feed additives, pet food and agricultural biotechnology products. REALIZING that it is in the interests of both countries for trade to develop and for international standards to be adhered to in order to promote market-based outcomes. Wednesday`s partial ceasefire could restore some confidence and Chinese purchases will help some sectors of the U.S. economy, but the pact preserves the bulk of tariffs on $360 billion worth of goods from China. Administration officials have said they will not lift these rights until countries can agree to a phase 2 agreement. Longer tensions in relations could prompt U.S. companies to spend less in China and vice versa.