Agreement Of Khilafat E Usmania

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In the first week of October 1918, the Ottoman government and several Turkish leaders contacted the Allies to preserve the possibilities for peace. Britain, whose troops occupied much of the Ottoman territories at the time, was not prepared to resign for its allies, especially France, which would take control of the Syrian coast and much of present-day Lebanon, in accordance with an agreement reached in 1916. In a move that angered his French counterpart Georges Clemenceau, Prime Minister David Lloyd George and his cabinet authorized Admiral Arthur Calthorpe, commander of the British navy in the Aegean Sea, to negotiate an immediate ceasefire with Turkey without consulting France. Although Britain was the only one to provoke the Ottoman exit from the war, the two powerful allies would continue to fight for control of the region at the Paris peace conference and for years. Among many agreements was a separate agreement with the United States, the Chester concession. In the United States, the treaty was rejected by several political groups, including the Committee against the Treaty of Lausanne (COLT), and on January 18, 1927, the U.S. Senate refused to ratify the treaty by 50 votes to 34, six votes less than the two-thirds requested by the Constitution. [20] As a result, Turkey cancelled the concession. [9] Subsequently, the “Lausanne II Conference” was held, the work of which lasted three months and which resulted in the signing of the “Treaty of Lausanne” signed on 24 July 1923 at the “Beau Rivage Plus” hotel in Lausanne, southern Switzerland, by the contracting parties of the consequences of the victorious powers (notably Great Britain, France and Italy). , and the Ottoman Empire, which presided over its delegation to the conference, Ismet Inonu, and on the basis of which the Ottoman Empire was officially divided, and the Turkish Republic was founded under the presidency of Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.

In 1839, Britain invaded China to crush resistance to its participation in the country`s economic and political affairs, and was one of the main objectives of the British war: the occupation of Hong Kong Island, populated on the coasts of southeastern China. The new British colony (Hong Kong Island) prospered as it became a shopping centre between East and West and a commercial and commercial centre for southern China, and in 1898 Britain gained an additional 99 years of domination over Hong Kong under the second Beijing Agreement. In September 1984, after years of negotiations, the British and Chinese signed a formal agreement authorizing the re-island to China in 1997, in exchange for China`s promise to maintain Hong Kong`s capitalist system, and on July 1, 1997, Hong Kong was officially ceded to China, which included a series of high-ranking Chinese and British personalities. , the head of the new government in Hong Kong Tung Chee Hwa , has established a policy based on the concept of “one country, two systems” that retains the role of Hong Kong as a major capitalist center in Asia. It is possible here to strike a balance between the treaties of Lausanne II and the “Nanjing Treaty” that China ceded to Britain after the First Opium War, by signing the Tchenba Agreement, which is to end the first Anglo-Chinese conflict. The treaty was ratified by Turkey on 23 August 1923[4] and by all other signatories until 16 July 1924. [6] It came into force on August 6, 1924, when the ratification instruments were officially tabled in Paris. [3] The greatest military threat to Turkish nationalists came from the Greeks, whose claims over western Anatolia, Eastern Thrace and Constantinople were reinforced by the large Greek ethnic population of these regions.